Purpose of Use Categories
Please read this section before completing the Order Form and Purchaser Qualification Form.
Multi-Health Systems Inc. advocates the outline of test purchasers described by the Professional Affairs Committee Working Group on Test Publishing Industry Safeguards sanctioned by the Canadian Psychological Association. Generally speaking, there are three categories of test purchasers. The first category consists of individuals who purchase and use tests for decision-making purposes whether in schools, hospitals, personnel departments, or other work settings. This category also applies to individuals who train students in the use of tests that will be employed for these purposes. The remaining categories consist of individuals who purchase tests for research purposes or for library use. Regardless of category, however, all first-time purchasers must complete the Purchaser Qualification Form (see page 186) and submit it with their order. Orders will not be processed if we do not have a completed Purchaser Qualification Form on file for the user(s) of the test. Purchase orders from institutions (schools, hospitals, etc.) must be countersigned by an individual who has a completed Purchaser Qualification Form on file. The following criteria govern the sale of tests to individuals in each category.
Category 1: Tests purchased for teaching or decision-making purposes
An individual who employs a test for the purpose of psychodiagnostic assessment, making treatment referrals, counselling clients, teaching students, making grade placement decisions, making hiring decisions, etc., must have successfully completed a minimum of two university courses in tests and measurement. The first course, on basic principles of psychological measurement, should have been completed at the graduate or undergraduate level, and should have included information on such topics as scaling, transformations and norms, as well as information on factors that affect reliability and validity. The second course, at the graduate level or its equivalent, should have included material on assessment that is appropriate to the test(s) being ordered. Because of the variety of tests listed in this catalogue, coupled with the overlapping content of many advanced level courses in testing, it is not possible to specify by name which courses are necessarily most suitable for which tests. A course entitled Educational Assessment, for example, may contain material on achievement testing and vocational guidance coupled with a practicum, or it may only contain material on only the administration and scoring of achievement tests. For this reason, MHS adheres to the position adopted by the American Psychological Association, the American Educational Research Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education that a test user should know his or her own qualifications and how well they match the qualifications required for the uses of specific tests (AERA, APA, & NCME, 1999).
Although it is essential for MHS to ensure that tests are sold only to individuals who meet approved training requirements, it is not the responsibility of MHS also to ensure that tests are used properly. That responsibility remains with the test purchaser even in cases where the purchaser delegates the administration and/or interpretation of a test to someone else.
In addition to having completed an appropriate advanced level course in testing, there are also certain tests that are widely recognized as requiring supervised experience in test administration and interpretation in the form of either a practicum or internship. In this catalogue these restricted tests include, but are not necessarily limited to, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory-III (MCMI-III), General Ability Measure for Adults (GAMA), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A), Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI), Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory, Inventory of Suicide Orientation-30 (ISO-30), Hare Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL–R), Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV), Learning and Memory Battery (LAMB), Category Test Computer Program 6.0, Test of Memory and Learning (TOMAL), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Rorchach Psychodiagnostic Test, Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT), Slosson Intelligence Test–Revised (SIT–R), WISC-III Report, Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), Clarke Sex History Questionnaire for Males–Revised (SHQ–R), and Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (CTONI). Tests of this nature will not be sold to individuals who fail to meet this additional training requirement. MHS retains the right to determine whether a person is indeed qualified to purchase a given test.
MHS further recognizes that some individuals may have acquired an appropriate background in testing by taking a mini-course sponsored by a professional association (i.e., CPA or APA) or an educational institution (i.e., university). If you feel that you are qualified to purchase a given test on this basis, then please provide a letter which outlines the nature of this training. The letter should then be submitted together with the purchase order form. Final approval to purchase a test will rest with MHS.
In addition to having the course requirements, an individual who purchases a test for teaching or decision-making purposes must agree to abide by the principles that apply to appropriate test use as set forth in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, & NCME, 1999) and in the Guidelines for Educational and Psychological Testing (CPA, 1987). Such an individual also must either be a member of a professional association, be registered by a professional association, or be employed by a firm that has endorsed these principles and has adopted a code of ethical conduct that is similar to the code of ethical conduct approved by the American Psychological Association or the Canadian Psychological Association. The reason for this last requirement is to ensure that there is an external body that can act as a monitoring agent to which the public can turn in order to lodge a complaint when there is reason to believe that a test has been misused.
Category 2: Tests purchased for research purposes
Tests and test materials that will be used for research purposes may be purchased only by college and university faculty members as well as by professional staff of hospitals and business organizations. Students enrolled in graduate programs may also purchase materials that will be used only for research purposes if the Purchaser Qualification Form is countersigned by the student’s supervisor or by the department head. The purchaser must satisfy either the professional membership requirement, professional registration requirement, or the employment requirement specified under Category 1. In the case of students, enrollment in a graduate program that adheres to a code of ethical conduct similar to the code approved by the American Psychological Association or the Canadian Psychological Association will satisfy these requirements.
Category 3: Tests purchased for library reference purposes
Tests and test materials for library use are sold to individuals upon the assurance that these products will be made accessible only to persons who meet the criteria specified under Category 1 and Category 2. This assurance must be submitted in writing on letterhead stationery before the order will be processed. The letter containing this assurance must be countersigned by an individual who satisfies either the Category 1 or Category 2 criteria.
MHS materials are restricted to qualified purchasers in accordance with the ethical and professional standards of the American Psychological Association and the standards for Educational and Psychological testing.
Purchasers of (b) level tests must have completed graduate level courses in tests/measurement or have received equivalent documented training. Purchasers of (c) level tests must meet (b) qualifications, and must have training and/or experience in the use of tests, and have completed an advanced degree in an appropriate profession (e.g., psychology, psychiatry). Additionally, depending on State requirements, membership in a relevant professional organization (e.g., APA), or a state license/certificate in psychology or psychiatry may be necessary.
The Purchaser Qualification Form should be completed by the person who will be using the test materials. Graduate students must have this form endorsed by a qualified supervising faculty member, who must also complete a separate Qualification Form (c level tests cannot be purchased by graduate students).
American Educational Research Association, American Psychological
Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.
Canadian Psychological Association (1987). Guidelines for educational and psychological testing. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Psychological Association.