CAARS: For Use in Correctional Settings
Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales: Corrrectional Settings

C. Keith Conners, Ph.D.
Drew Erhardt, Ph.D.
Elizabeth Sparrow, Ph.D.

Technical Information

Normative Data
Normative data for the self-report forms consist of 1,026 nonclinical adults, while the normative data for the observer forms consist of ratings by spouses, family members, or friends of 943 nonclinical adults. Separate norms are available by gender and age-group intervals (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, and 50+ years).

The CAARS has good factorial, discriminant, and construct validity.Back to the top


Profile Reports
Profile Reports present scores for each of the scales, subscales and indexes graphically and numerically to summarize results for each respondent. They are available for all three versions (long, short, and screening).

Interpretive Reports
Interpretive Reports contain detailed descriptions of the scales, a list of elevated item responses, and intervention strategy suggestions in addition to scores. They are available for only the long and short versions. Back to the top


For more information on the CAARS:CE click here.
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About the Authors

C. Keith Conners, Ph.D.
Dr. C. Keith Conners has had an extraordinary career as an academic, clinician, researcher, lecturer, author, editor-in-chief, and administrator.  His dedication to the study of Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and other childhood problems has propelled him to the forefront of his field. He has written several books on attention disorders and neuropsychology, as well as, hundreds of journal articles and books chapters based on his research regarding the effects of food additives, nutrition, stimulant drugs, diagnosis and dimensional syndromes. Dr. Conners has studied at the University of Chicago, Queen's College, Oxford, Stanford, and Harvard.

Presently, at Duke University, Dr. Conners runs a clinical program in ADHD and is involved in the national multi-site cooperative agreement with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Recognized worldwide in both the clinical and research communities as one of the leading contributors to the field of ADHD theory and practice, Dr. Conners has truly proven himself an asset to the field of psychology.

Drew Erhardt, Ph.D.
Dr. Drew Erhardt is currently Associate Professor at Pepperdine University's Graduate School of Education and Psychology. Prior to obtaining this position, Dr. Erhardt was Assistant Clinical Professor in the Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology at Duke University Medical Center. He earned his doctorate in clinical psychology from University of California, Los Angeles and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and Hospital. Dr. Erhardt is a licensed psychologist whose research and clinical work focus on the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD and other psychological disorders originating in childhood. He has written numerous empirical articles and book chapters pertaining to disruptive behavior disorders, and along with Dr. Keith Conners and Dr. Elizabeth Sparrow, has developed ADHD-related interviews.

Elizabeth P. Sparrow, Ph.D.
Dr. Elizabeth Sparrow received her masters degree in clinical psychology in 1997, and she is continuing with her doctoral studies at Washington University in St. Louis. She is also working in the neuropsychology clinic at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Dr. Sparrow has been actively involved, in many capacities, with individuals who have ADHD including assessment, therapy, time management workshops, individual academic remediation, and parent-teacher consultation. Prior to returning to graduate school, Dr. Sparrow worked with C. Keith Conners, Drew Erhardt, John March, and Ed Levin at Duke University's department of psychiatry as a study coordinator and senior data technician in the area of ADHD. Dr. Sparrow has recieved academic grants and awards for her developing research interests in neuropsychology and ADHD, and her work has been published in the form of book chapters, journal articles, and conference presentations.
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Authors C. Keith Conners, Ph.D.,
Drew Erhardt, Ph.D., &
Elizabeth Sparrow, Ph.D.

Age Range 18 and older

Administration Time 10 to 15 minutes for each forms

Administration Type

  • Self-report
  • Observer-completed

Qualification Level B


  • Handscored
  • Online
  • Software