TOWRE–2
Test of Word Reading Efficiency – Second Edition

Joseph Torgeson, Ph.D.
Richard Wagner, Ph.D.
Carol Rashotte, Ph.D.

Description


The Test of Word Reading Efficiency–Second Edition (TOWRE–2) is a measure of an individual’s ability to pronounce printed words (Sight Word Efficiency) and phonemically regular nonwords (Phonemic Decoding Efficiency) accurately and fluently. Because it can be administered very quickly, the test provides an efficient means of monitoring the growth of two kinds of word reading skill that are critical in the development of overall reading ability.

New Features

  • New normative data
  • Extensively revised manual
  • Additional word lists have been added to subtests Back to the top

Scales & Forms


Scales
  • Sight Word Efficiency
  • Phonetic Decoding Efficiency
Components

The TOWRE–2 is individually-administered and takes approximately 5 to 10 minutes to complete.

The instrument contains two subtests that contain four alternate forms, A through D. The Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest assesses the number of real words printed in vertical lists that an individual can accurately identify within 45 seconds. Similarly, the Phonemic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest measures the number of pronounceable nonwords presented in vertical lists that an individual can accurately decode within 45 seconds. The four forms of each subtest are of equivalent difficulty, and any of the forms of each subtest may be given depending on the purposes of the assessment. If only one form of each test is used, the test can be administered in approximately 5 minutes, including time for directions and practice items.
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QUICK FACTS

Author
Joseph Torgeson, Ph.D., Richard Wagner, Ph.D., & Carol Rashotte, Ph.D.

Age Range 6 to 24 years

Administration Time
5-10 minutes

Administration Type Individually-administered

Qualification Level B

Formats Handscored