SPM
Sensory Processing Measure

Home Form: L. Diane Parham, Ph.D., OTR/L, FAOTA, & Cheryl Ecker, M.A., OTR/L.
Main Classroom and School Environment Forms: Heather Miller Kuhaneck, M.S., OTR/L,
Diana A. Henry, M.S., OTR/L, FAOTA, & Tara J. Glnnon, Ed.D., OTR/L, FAOTA

Description


The SPM is an integrated system of rating scales that assesses sensory processing issues, praxis, and social participation in children 5 to 12 years old. It is a multi-environment assessment of elementary school-aged children, that helps form a complete picture of children’s sensory functioning at home, school, and in the community in order to support identification and treatment.

Features and Benefits
  • Supports the identification and treatment of children with sensory processing difficulties 
  • Appropriate for use in a wide range of educational, clinical, and research settings 
  • Easy administration, scoring, and interpretation of results 
  • Multi-rater format provides a comprehensive view of a child’s functioning 
  • Anchored in sensory integration theory (Ayres, 1972, 1979, 2005) Back to the top

Scales & Forms


Scales

  • Praxis 
  • Social Participation 
  • Visual 
  • Auditory 
  • Tactile 
  • Proprioceptive 
  • Vestibular Functioning
Components

The SPM consists of three separate forms: Home Form, Main Classroom Form, and School Environment Form.

SPM Home AutoScore™ Form and SPM Main Classroom AutoScore™ Form
The SPM Home form is completed by the child’s parent or home-based care provider, and provides an overview of the child’s sensory functioning at home. The SPM Main Classroom form is completed by the child’s primary classroom teacher, and provides an overview of the child’s sensory functioning at school. Both forms yield eight norm-referenced standard scores. The standard score for each scale enables classification of the child’s functioning into one of three interpretative ranges: Typical, Some Problems, or Definite Dysfunction. In addition, an Environment Difference score allows direct comparison of the child’s sensory functioning between home and school environments.

SPM School Environment Form
Completed by other school personnel who work with and observe the child, the form provides an overview of the child’s sensory functioning in six school environments outside the main classroom: Art Class, Music Class, Physical Education Class, Recess/ Playground, Cafeteria, and School Bus. Each environment has its own rating sheet that can be printed as needed from an unlimited-use CD. Each Rating Sheet is interpreted using a cutoff score for the environment to which it applies. Scores at or above cutoff point indicate that the child is experiencing an unusually high number of sensory processing problems in a given environment. This form cannot be used alone, and must always be administered in conjunction with the Main Classroom Form. Back to the top

QUICK FACTS

Author
Home Form: L. Diane Parham, Ph.D., OTR/L, FAOTA, & Cheryl Ecker, M.A., OTR/L.
Main Classroom and School Environment Forms: Heather Miller Kuhaneck, M.S., OTR/L, Diana A. Henry, M.S., OTR/L, FAOTA, & Tara J. Glnnon, Ed.D., OTR/L, FAOTA

Age Range 5 to 12 years

Number of Items Home Form: 75
Main Classroom
Form: 62
School Environment Form: 10–15

Administration Time Home Form: 
15-20 minutes 
Main Classroom
Form: 15-20 minutes
School Environment Form: 5 minutes

Administration Type
Parent-Completed
Teacher-Completed
School Personnel-Completed

Qualification Level B or Bachelor in Occupational Therapy

Format
Handscored