The Preschool and Early Childhood Functional Assessment Scale® (PECFAS®) was developed from the Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS), an assessment backed by over 20 years of research. The PECFAS determines day-to-day functioning across critical life domains and determines whether functioning improves over time. The PECFAS can be used for children as young as 3 years old and up to 7 years of age. The overlap in age with the CAFAS (designed for youth aged 5-19) accommodates children who function more immaturely than their chronological age would suggest.
The PECFAS is widely used to inform decisions about need for services or additional specialized assessment, type and intensity of treatment, readiness for school, and specialized services needed for educational success. The assessment can be quickly completed by practitioners, based on information from routine clinical evaluation. Back to the top Levels of Impairment
Within each subscale, the behavioral items are grouped by severity into four columns, using a continuum of severity of impairment. Each level of severity is associated with a score. PECFAS Subscales
The PECFAS determines level of functioning across 7 critical life subscales assessing the child as well as two scales to assess caregiver functioning. The PECFAS yields a total score, representing the total level of dysfunction and 9 individual subscales scores that can inform the focus of treatment and aid in monitoring change in behavior over time.
Using the PECFAS
- Child Scale:
- School - Ability to function satisfactorily in a group educational or daycare environment
- Home - Extent to which child observes reasonable rules and performs age appropriate tasks
- Community - Respect for the rights and property of others and conformity to laws
- Behavior Towards Others - Appropriateness of child’s daily behavior
- Moods - Modulation of the child’s emotional life
- Self-Harm - Extent to which the child can cope without resorting to self-harmful behavior or verbalizations
- Thinking - Ability of the child to use rational thought processes
- Caregiver Scale:
- Material Needs - Extent to which the child’s need for resources such as food, clothing, housing, medical attention and neighborhood safety are provided for
- Social Support - The extent to which the child’s psychosocial needs are met by the family
For each subscale the rater reads through the items at each level starting at the Severe level until he/she finds a description of the child. Once a description has been found the child is assigned the item’s corresponding score for the subscale. After assigning the subscale score, the rater moves on to the next subscale.
To download a .pdf version of the PECFAS info sheet, click here
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