The SPSI–R normative sample included adolescents, young adults, middle-aged adults, and elderly adults with a total of 1,928 participants. Separate norms are included for each age group.
Reliability and Validity
SPSI–R was developed following rigorous test-development procedures. The manual covers the historical foundation upon which SPSI–R is based and offers five case studies that illustrate the interpretation and use of SPSI–R results in different situations.
Evaluation of the psychometric properties of SPSI–R among various diverse populations suggests that it is characterized by strong internal consistency and is stable over time. Further, it has strong structural, concurrent, predictive, convergent, and discriminant validity. Detailed data is presented in the SPSI–R Technical Manual.
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Thomas J. D'Zurilla, Ph.D.
Dr. D'Zurilla is a Professor of Psychology at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He received his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1964. Dr. D'Zurilla is one of the pioneers and leading experts in the fields of social problem solving and problem solving therapy. His seminal article with Marvin R. Goldfried, "Problem Solving and Behavior Modification," published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology in 1971, signaled the birth of a new area of study on the role of social problem solving in adjustment and the efficacy of problem-solving training as a means of enhancing effective functioning and psychological well-being, while reducing maladaptive behavior and psychological distress. This article was recognized as a Citation Classic in Current Contents, (No. 50, December, 1984). Since the publication of this classic article, Dr. D'Zurilla has published numerous theoretical and research papers on these topics. He is also co-author with Arthur M. Nezu of the second edition of Problem-Solving Therapy: A Social Competence Approach to Clinical Intervention. His writings have been translated into Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, and French. Dr. D'Zurilla is a member of the American Psychological Association, the Society for a Science of Clinical Psychology, the Eastern Psychological Association, and the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy. He has also been a practicing clinical psychologist for more than three decades.
Arthur M. Nezu, Ph.D.
Dr. Nezu is currently Professor of Psychology (College of Arts & Sciences), Professor of Medicine (College of Medicine), and Professor of Community Health and Prevention (School of Public Health) at Drexel University in Philadelphia, USA. He also serves as Coordinator of Diversity Issues for the Psychology Department, as well as Coordinator of the Health Psychology Concentration within the Ph.D. program in clinical psychology. In addition, Dr. Nezu is Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom and is a research consultant to the Queensland Cancer Council in Australia.
Based on his scientific and professional contributions to the field, Dr. Nezu has been elected to Fellow status of three divisions of the American Psychological Association (clinical psychology, mental retardation/developmental disabilities, health psychology), the Association for Psychological Science, the Society for Behavior Medicine, the American Academy of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology, and the Academy of Cognitive Therapy. He has held leadership positions within several professional organizations, including President of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy, President of the American Board of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology, President of the Behavioral Psychology Specialty Council, Chair of the World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Board Member of the American Academy of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology, and Trustee of the American Board of Professional Psychology. He has received awards for his contributions to the profession by the Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies and the World Congress of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies.
Dr. Nezu has contributed to over 175 scientific and professional publications, including 20 books. Several of his writings have been translated into a variety of foreign languages, including Spanish, Japanese, French, Italian, Chinese, and Russian. Strongly espousing a scientist-practitioner model of training in clinical psychology, he has published books on conducting research, conducting case formulation in psychotherapy, and conducting psychotherapy for various clinical populations. He is also the co-author of the widely used measure, the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised. Dr. Nezu is a frequent invited workshop presenter and plenary speaker, both nationally and internationally, presenting in such countries as Spain, France, Italy, Japan, Slovakia, Mexico, the United Kingdom, Scotland, Ireland, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Turkey, and Germany.
Albert Maydeu-Olivares, Ph.D.
Dr. Maydeu-Olivares obtained a Ph.D. in clinical/personality psychology from the University of Barcelona in 1991. His doctoral thesis, entitled A structural equations model of social problem solving: Effects of the application of item response theory, laid the foundations of the present SPSI-R. He later obtained a Ph.D. in quantitative psychology at the University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign). From 1995 to 1997, he was Assistant Professor of Statistics at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Since 1997, he has been Associate Professor of Personality at the University of Barcelona. He has published articles in a variety of journals including Cognitive Therapy and Research, Behavior Therapy, Personality and Individual Differences, European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Multivariate Behavioral Research, Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, Applied Psychological Measurement, and Psychometrika. His current research interests include social problem solving and its link to personality theories, structural equation modeling, and item response theory. His most recent research efforts have been aimed at statistically modeling actual choice behavior.
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