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Children’s Depression Inventory 2

Maria Kovacs, Ph.D.
“In general, the psychometric properties of the CDI 2 far exceed the recommendations offered by the American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education (1999).”
- Tobin, R. (in press). Test review of the Children’s Depression Inventory 2nd Edition. In J. F. Carlson, K. F. Geisinger, & R. A. Spies (Eds.), The nineteenth mental measurements yearbook. Retrieved from the Buros Institute's Test Reviews Online website:

Technical Information

The CDI 2:SR normative sample (note that this is the same normative sample for the CDI:SR Short; CDI:SR[S]) includes 1,100 children aged 7 to 17 years from 26 different states in the U.S. The sample is evenly proportioned in terms of age and gender, with 50 males and 50 females at each age. The racial/ethnic distribution of the sample matches the U.S. census distribution very closely (i.e., all races were within 1% of Census targets, (based on the 2000 U.S. Census report). Overall, the normative sample includes a reasonable spread of geographical locations of all four major regions of the U.S.

A clinical sample of 319 youth aged 7-17 years (M age = 12.63 years, SD age = 3.02 years) diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; 33.86%), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD; 28.21%), Conduct Disorder (CD; 14.11%), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD; 13.79%), or Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD; 10.03%) was obtained.
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Reports for the CDI 2 are available for both online and scoring software options. There are three report types: the Assessment Report (provides detailed results from one administration), the Progress Report (provides an overview of change over time by combining results from up to four administrations), and the Comparative Report (provides an overview of the child’s symptoms from a multi-rater perspective and highlights inter-rater differences in scores from up to five different raters).

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About the Author

Maria Kovacs, Ph.D.
Dr. Kovacs has an international reputation for her contributions to the understanding of the depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence. She received a Masters degree in education from Columbia University in 1969. Dr. Kovacs attainted her doctorate of psychology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1971 and did a post-doctoral internship in clinical psychology at the Norristown State Hospital.

Dr. Kovacs is currently Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburg School of Medicine and Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, where she has been on the faculty since in 1977. She has published extensively on the topics of depression and suicide and their treatment. In addition to her ongoing research on risk factors for and consequences of juvenile-onset mood disorders, Dr. Kovacs has been involved with the various special committees and grant review sections for the National Institute for Mental Health , and is a Fellow of the American Psychological Society. Back to the top


Author Maria Kovacs, Ph.D.

Age Range 7 to 17 years

Administration Time 5–15 minutes

Administration Type
  • Parent-completed
  • Teacher-completed
  • Youth-completed
Qualification Level