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    Technical Information

    The EQ-i is recognized as a scientific measure of Emotional Intelligence by the Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations (EI Consortium) and the Buros Mental Measurements Yearbook.  Buros, the leading publication for critical analysis of tests and measurements, evaluated the EQ-i as a sound measure of Emotional Intelligence.  This approval of psychometric quality is a very important marker of proper test development.

    Early versions of the EQ-i were completed by 2,868 subjects in six countries. In addition to providing cross-cultural norms for the inventory, this preliminary piloting of the inventory was important for item selection and modification, continued scale development and validation,and establishing the final response format.

    The final 133-item version of the EQ-i boasts a normative database of nearly 4,000 participants, ranging widely in age and ethnicity.

    Collecting normative data is an important part of test development. Norms establish a baseline against which all subsequent results are compared, and they enable the test developer to capture the characteristics of an 'average' respondent. Norms indicate the average performance on a test and the frequency of deviation above and below the average. The larger and more representative the normative database, the more accurate and indicative the results. Back to the top


    We offer results from our assessments in a number of different report types. These detailed reports highlight and frame information differently depending on their type. The following report options are available for the EQ-i®.

    Business Report
    The EQ-i Business Report is a new report for human capital development in organizational settings. Robust in its content, the Business Report contains business-specific strategies and action plans that are more compatible and meaningful in the workplace. Content on all 15 EQ-i subscales allows you to work with the respondent to focus on emotional and social skills that are consistent with job performance metrics. Separate sections containing results, development strategies, and action planning exercises make feedback sessions more streamlined. The administrator receives reports with numeric and non-numeric interpretive guidelines:
    • EQ-i Business Report
    • EQ-i Business Report with Coach’s Section
    View Sample Report

    Leadership Report
    This report helps you identify and groom the best leaders. It can be used to help with leadership assessment, leadership placement, training of leadership skills, and understanding potential derailers. Results on the 15 EQ-i subscales reveal the respondents' strengths and weaknesses inpeople-, process-, and organization-oriented leadership styles, and on four pillars of leadership behavior. Leadership Reports are available online; however, you can administer the EQ-i with paper materials and then fax in your response sheets for scoring. You then log into our secure website to score and download the results.

    When you score a Leadership Report, you will also receive an EQ-i Resource Report at no additional cost. You are also given the option to print the report by section or in full. The administrator receives reports with numeric and non-numeric interpretive guidelines:

    • EQ-i Leadership (complete report)
    • EQ-i Leadership – Coach’s Section only
    • EQ-i Leadership – Development Section only
    • EQ-i Leadership – Executive Section only
    • EQ-i Resource Report
    • EQ-i Resource Report w/ Counselors section
    View Sample Report

    Higher Education Report
    This set of three reports gives students and counselors school-specific results in a delivery system geared for optimal understanding and ease of administration and follow-up. Using the new EQ-i:HEd, students take the standard 133-item version of the EQ-i and instantly get a 10-page summary of their top three and lowest two results. Counselors can then generate comprehensive reports that provide interpretation and development strategies for all 15 subscales. These reports are ideal aids for coaching students and incorporating Emotional Intelligence into your class curriculum or campus leadership programs. Click on the different reports below to view samples of each:

    Individual Summary Report
    This report option provides the overall EQ score, scores for each of the 15 areas measured, and scores for the validity indices. This report is best for users with in-depth knowledge of the EQ-i, or when used as the basis for creating customized feedback reports and coaching. It is not recommended for the client.
    View Sample Report

    Development Report
    Ideal for counseling and life coaching, results in this report are presented numerically and using "below average," "average" and "above average" terminology. As in the Resource Report, guidelines for improving three of the client’s weakest areas help facilitate growth:

    • EQ-i Development Report
    • EQ-i Development Report with Counselor’s Section

    View Sample Report

    Resource Report
    Appropriate for human resource development and coaching in organizations, this report includes an in-depth explanation of the meaning of each score, descriptions of individual strengths and weaknesses, and guidelines for improving the three weakest areas. Intended to be shared with the client, this report omits numerical EI scores in favor of of graphical representations and identifies areas of effective and enhanced functioning, as well as skills in need of enrichment:

    • EQ-i Resource Report
    • EQ-i Resource Report with Counselor’s Section
    View Sample Report

    Group Summary Report
    This report provides a summary of results for a group of clients. It is ideal for measuring the functioning of a team as a single unit. To generate a Group Report, you must first score each individual's EQ-i using one of the above report options.

    Individual Across Administrations Report
    Ideal for measuring a person's development progress over time, this report compares the EQ-i results of two to four administrations on the same respondent. To generate this report, you must first score each administration using one of the individual report options.

    Individual to Group Report
    Illustrating a respondent's emotional and social functioning in relation to his or her workgroup, team, or level can have a profound impact in teambuilding and development. This report compares the EQ-i results of an individual to those of the larger group. To generate this report, you must first score a Group Summary Report and a report for the individual.
    View Sample Report

    Group to Group Report
    Ideal for program analysis or building awareness between workgroups, this report compares the EQ-i results of two groups. To generate this report, you must first score two Group Summary Reports.
    View Sample Report

    Group Across Administrations Report
    Measure the effectiveness of your development program with this powerful tool. This report compares the EQ-i results for two to four administrations on the same group, giving you qualitative data to support your business case and build ROI on program initiatives. To generate this report, you must first score two to four Group Summary Reports using the same group of respondents.
    View Sample Report Back to the top

    Research Library

    Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) research summary
    This Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) research summary is broken down into 9 distinct categories. The categories include Reviews, Technical Manuals, Industrial/Organizational, Clinical, Education, Health/Well Being, Forensics, Psychometrics and Sport Performance. Some categories are broken down in subcategories, for example, the Industrial/Organizational section is divided into the following subsections: Leadership/Management, Team Development, Selection/Star Performer, and Job Performance.

    Leadership Skills and Emotional Intelligence
    The Center for Creative Leadership has helped leaders understand and develop emotional intelligence competencies for over thirty years. Benchmarks®, CCL's multi-rater feedback tool, helps managers move beyond intellectual know-how and expand their emotional intelligence. This study compares scores on Benchmarks® to self-reported emotional intelligence as measured by the EQ-i®. Results showed that key leadership skills and perspectives are related to aspects of emotional intelligence and the absence of emotional intelligence was related to career derailment.

    Exploring the Relationship Between the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory: Applications for Professional Development Practices
    The MBTI and the BarOn EQ-i are both widely used for professional development, although minimal research has been conducted on the relationship between these instruments. In this study, the MBTI and the EQ-i were administered to 34 MBA students and 23 working professionals. The findings show significant correlations on numerous scales, which are defined and discussed, along with practical applications.

    Return on Emotion Predicting and Improving Human Performance
    “A leader’s intelligence has to have a strong emotional component. He has to have high levels of self-awareness, maturity, and self-control. No doubt emotional intelligence is more rare than book smarts, but my experience says it is actually more important in the making of a leader.” - Jack Welch, former Chairman and CEO, General Electric Co.

    This paper compares two leading Emotional Intelligence assessments, the EQ-i and the MSCEIT, addressing the unique advantages of each model. Case studies, practical applications and positive results of develloping emotional intelligence are also discussed. Back to the top


    Click here to view the EQ-i Technical Brochure.

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    About the Author

    Dr. Reuven Bar-On, Ph.D.
    Dr. Reuven Bar-On is a clinical psychologist who currently works as a senior consultant for a variety of Israeli institutions and organizations, which include the Ministry of Education, the Foreign Ministry, and the Israeli Defense Forces. He received his Ph.D. from Rhodes University in South Africa in 1988.

    Born in San Diego, California, Dr. Bar-On moved to Israel in 1964. Since 1972,when he received his M.A. in psychology, he has been intensively involved in clinical work, research, supervision, and teaching, including a lectureship at the Tel Aviv University Medical School. From 1978 to 1989, he served as an officer in the Mental Health Division of the Israeli Defense Forces. As part of the Israeli Defense Forces, Dr. Bar-On took on a number of responsibilities, including overseeing the military’s participation in the first Israeli psychiatric epidemiological study and establishing the first mobile clinic for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder related to combat stress during the 1982 war in Lebanon. Dr. Bar-On has lived in the United States, Israel, Italy, and South Africa, where he has studied, practiced, and carried out extensive research in various areas of psychology.

    The EQ-i is the result of 17 years of Dr. Bar-On’s research on emotional intelligence. His research has crossed borders into eleven countries in an effort to develop a cross-cultural approach to describing and assessing emotional intelligence. In association with Multi-Health Systems, he has recently accumulated the final data for the standardization of the EQ-i in the United States and Canada.

    Dr. Bar-On officially introduced the EQ-i at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention in Toronto, Canada in August 1996.

    For more information on Dr. Bar-On, please visit his website.

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